May 20, 2010
US President Barack Obama’s Middle East envoy and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas discussed possible outlines of a future Palestinian state on Wednesday, a Palestinian official said.
“We are focusing on final-status issues like borders and security,” Saeb Erekat told reporters after the meeting between Abbas and George Mitchell, who is mediating indirect peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians.
“We hope that in the next four months we can achieve the two-state solution on the 1967 borders,” said Erekat, reiterating a Palestinian demand that Israel withdraws from Palestinian territory it captured in the 1967 Middle East war.
Mitchell will shuttle between Israel and the West Bank for the second substantive sessions since the Palestinians agreed to the indirect “proximity” talks, which have been given a maximum of four months to produce results.
Erekat said Palestinian officials handed Mitchell a list of what they consider Israeli provocations, such as recent statements by Cabinet ministers that Israel will keep building Jewish settlements and demolish unauthorized Palestinian homes in East Jerusalem, their hoped-for capital.
Israeli leaders have said the Palestinians can raise core issues like the status of Jerusalem, final borders and the plight of Palestinian refugees in the indirect talks, but only direct negotiations can resolve them.
Palestinians say they could hold direct talks if Israel halts all settlement activities on occupied land.
Both Israel and the Palestinians seem to be taking trust-building steps.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said this week his government “is prepared to do things that are not simple, that are difficult.”
Government sources said Netanyahu is favorably examining a proposal to expropriate land from Jewish settlers in the occupied West Bank to build a
road between Ramallah and a new Palestinian town.
Abbas broke with tradition on Monday by failing to give a speech on the day that Palestinians mourn the creation of Israel, which they call the “nakba,” or catastrophe.
Analysts said he wanted to avoid an occasion in which he would be expected to condemn Israel in strong language.
The White House has said it will hold either side accountable for any action that could undermine negotiations.
The pledge appeared in part aimed at satisfying Abbas’ fears that Israel’s right-leaning government might announce further expansion of Jewish housing in and around Jerusalem.
Obama also urged Abbas to do all he can to prevent acts of incitement or delegitimization of Israel.
Israel captured East Jerusalem along with the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1967, and considers all of Jerusalem its capital, a claim that is not recognized internationally. International law deems all Jewish settlements built on territory acquired during the 1967 war as illegal, and requires their removal.
Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of the state they intend to establish in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
In other developments Wednesday, Hamas said Israel is to release a one of its legislators on Thursday, after nearly four years in custody. Mohammad Abu Teir had been among 40 West Bank lawmakers who were arrested by Israel after Hamas’ victory in Palestinian parliament elections in 2006.
The arrests effectively paralyzed the 132-member Palestinian Parliament, in which Hamas had controlled 74 seats. Hamas’ violent takeover of Gaza in 2007 further froze legislative activity.
Abu Teir’s release would bring to 30 the number of legislators who have since left prison – technically enough to restore Hamas’ majority in parliament.
Its main political rival, Abbas, however, would have to reconvene Parliament first – an unlikely move since it would give the militant group significant power at a time of a deepening political rift between the two camps. (*)